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Getting around in Laos

Laos is a rather small country and you might think it is very easy to explore. It is actually not that simple, especially if you come for the first time and are not familiar with the local transport system.

Mountainous and narrow, carved with strong flowing rivers and berated by annual monsoons, travelling in Laos is sure but slow. Do not be misled by short distances on Google Earth. Getting around in Laos takes time and usually more than you may have initially planned. 

That said, despite being slow, the transport system in Laos is comprehensive. After reading this guide and all the tips to find the best transport options to suit you and your budget, you will be able to move across Laos as if you were in your home country!

Long distance road transport

Long-distance public transport in Laos is either by bus or minivans. In some areas, you can find pickups that are converted with benches down either side. These means of transports are often used by locals and backpackers to travel throughout the country cheap.


The bus network is quite developed in Laos with plenty of different routes, but traveling by bus used to be slow, uncomfortable and rather unsafe.

Nowadays, private operators have established VIP buses on some busier routes, offering faster and more luxurious air-con services. These obviously cost a little more than normal buses but really worth the extra bucks. Many guesthouses can book tickets for a small fee.

Many routes also offer overnight buses usually leaving at around 8pm and arriving the next day early morning at around 6am. This way, you can for instance travel from Luang Prabang to Vientiane for less than US $15. Moreover, you save the money of a hotel room. 

You can also stop in some cities along the way, but you will have to deal with middle of the night arrival. Also note that most bus stations are located on the outskirts of the cities and you will likely need to take a tuk-tuk to reach your hotel downtown.

Note that due to poor road conditions, you might not sleep very well. Long distance buses are clearly not suitable for everyone, but it is a great option for those traveling on a budget and having time. 


Minivans are slightly more comfortable and faster than bus since they can overtake other vehicles quite easily. However, expect departure time to not be exact since they usually wait for the minivan being full before departing. Note that minivans departure point is sometimes situated at a different station than the main bus station which can be confusing.

Surviving long-distance road trips

Heed the following points and your long-distance road trip will, possibly, be more comfortable and enjoyable:

  • Bring some snacks and drinks with you, it is a good way to kill time. If you forget, do not worry as the bus is going to make several stops along the way where you can grab some food.
  • Take a jacket or blanket as temperatures can drop substantially at night; air-con can also make it chilly.
  • Consider earplugs and an eye mask as well if you plan to grab a little shut-eye between toilet stops.
  • Try not to become alarmed when you see how some local passengers hold their breath whenever a bus approaches a particularly dodgy-looking bridge.


For those who are on a tight schedule and want to avoid long buses journeys, you can consider traveling by air. The main cities are regularly served with several flights a day, enabling to reach any destination in the country within an hour. 

Note that domestic flights to smaller airports suffer frequent cancellations due to fog and, in March, heavy smoke during the slash-and-burn season. 

If you are planning to travel during the holiday season, it is best to book ahead as flights can fill fast. At other times, when flights are more likely to be cancelled, confirm the flight is still departing a day or two before.

Airlines in Laos

Lao Airlines ( : The main airline in Laos handling domestic flights, including between Vientiane and Luang Prabang, Luang Namtha, Pakse, Phonsavan, Savannakhet and Udomxai.

Lao Skyway ( : A newer domestic airline with flights from Vientiane to Udomxai, Luang Prabang, Huay Xai, Phonsavan and Luang Namtha. Overall service quality as well as prices tend to be a slightly lower. For budget travelers it is a good alternative.

Schedule and booking

Between the main destinations of Vientiane, Pakse and Luang Prabang, you will find frequent daily connections. Other airports have only one flight a day or, in the most remote places, just a couple of flights a week.

Except for the Lao Airlines' offices in major cities, where credit cards are accepted for both international and domestic tickets, it is necessary to pay cash in US $.

There is a departure tax of US $10 on all international flights, included in the ticket price. However, there is no departure tax for domestic flights.

Online booking and e-ticketing is available with both domestic airlines. One-way fares are usually half the price of return fares and can be bought between six months and a day in advance. It is sometimes difficult to buy a ticket that departs from a town other than the one you are in. 


More than 4600km of navigable rivers are the highways and byways of traditional Laos, the main thoroughfares being the Mekong, Nam Ou, Nam Khan, Nam Tha, Nam Ngum and Sekong. 

The Mekong is the longest and most important route and is navigable year-round between Luang Prabang in the north and Savannakhet in the south, though new dams make this increasingly difficult. 

Whether it is on a tourist boat from Huay Xai to Luang Prabang or on a local boat you have rustled up in some remote corner of the country, it is still worth doing at least one river excursion while in Laos.

River ferries

The slow boat between Huay Xai and Luang Prabang is the most popular river trip in Laos. It is still relatively cheap at about 250,000K or US $30 per person for the two-day journey. 

From Huay Xai, these basic boats are often packed, while travelling in the other direction from Luang Prabang there seems to be more room. Passengers sit, eat and sleep on the wooden decks.

For shorter river trips, such as Luang Prabang to the Pak Ou Caves, it is usually best to hire a river taxi. The longtail boats are the most common and cost around US $10 an hour.

Along the upper Mekong River between Huay Xai and Vientiane, Thai-built speedboats are common. They can cover a distance in six hours that might take a ferry two days or more. Charters cost at least US $30 per hour but cost can be shared among passengers. They are, however, rather dangerous and we recommend taking one only if absolutely necessary.


With public boat routes becoming increasingly hard to find, tour companies are offering kayaking and rafting trips on some of the more scenic stretches of river. The best places to organize these are Luang Namtha, Luang Prabang, Vang Vieng and Pakse.

For something a bit more luxurious, Mekong Cruises and Mekong River Cruises both offer multi-day cruises along the Mekong on refurbished river barges.

Local transport

Although most town centers are small enough to walk around, even relatively small settlements often place their bus stations several kilometers out of town.


Vientiane is the only city with a network of local buses, though, with the exception of a few key recommended routes, they are not much use to travelers.

Songthaew, Jumbo, Sam-Lo, and Tuk-tuk

The various pick-ups and three-wheeled taxis found in Vientiane and provincial capitals have different names depending on where you are.

Largest are the Songthaew, which double as buses in some areas and as local buses around bigger towns.

Larger three-wheeler is called jumbo and can hold four to six passengers on two facing seats.

In Vientiane they are sometimes called tuk-tuks as in Thailand, though traditionally in Laos this refers to a slightly larger vehicle than the jumbo.

The old-style bicycle Sam Lo (pedicab), known as a cyclo elsewhere in Indochina, is an endangered species in Laos.

The main benefit of tuk-tuk is that they are rather easy to find at any time of the day and they represent a true local experience.  

The downside is that fares will be inflated if you are a tourist and do not speak Lao language. 

Despite still being affordable, you will likely pay twice as much as a local for the same journey. In order to get a fair deal, we advise you to visit our tips buy and bargain in Laos.


Vientiane has a handful of taxis that are used by foreign business people and the occasional tourist, while in other cities a taxi of sorts can be arranged. 

They can be hired by the trip, by the hour or by the day. Typical all-day hire within a region costs between US $40 to 60, for a private air-conditioned taxi. A one-hour ride in town or city will cost you around US $15. 

Relatively expensive considering the other means of transport in Laos, taxis can still be handy when you are in a hurry or for airport transfers when you have heavy bag or suitcase to carry.


Currently Laos has just 3 km of railway line connecting Nong Khai to Vientiane Prefecture via the Friendship Bridge. 

The railway from Kunming has finished in October 2021 and the opening ceremony was held on 02 December 2021 (National day). The speed train takes 4 hours to get to the Laos border (with China) from the capital of Vientiane.

The project to connect this railway with the one in Thailand, Malaysia, and Singapore.

Car and motorcycle

Driving in Laos is easier than it looks. Sure, the road infrastructure is pretty basic, but outside of the large centers there are so few vehicles that it is a doddle compared to Vietnam, China or Thailand.

Motorcyclists planning to ride through Laos should check out the wealth of information from local travel agency. Doing some sort of motorbike loop out of Vientiane, Vang Vieng or Thakhek is becoming increasingly popular among travelers.

Bring your own vehicle

Bringing a vehicle into Laos is easy enough if you have proof of ownership and a carnet. Simply get the carnet stamped at any international border and there is no extra charge or permit required.

Coming from Thailand, which does not recognize the carnet system, an International Transport Permit, known in Thailand as purple book, is required. This is available at Nong Khai's Land Transport Office. You will need your vehicle's official registration book and tax receipts, your passport and an international driving permit.

On the Lao side you will need all the documents mentioned above and will also need to arrange Lao vehicle insurance which is about US $12 for a week. 

Exiting into Thailand or Cambodia is fairly hassle-free if your papers are in order. Vietnam is a different story and it is probably best not to even consider a crossing. Heading to China it is virtually impossible to drive a vehicle larger than a bicycle across the border.

Fuel & spare parts

At the time of research fuel cost more than US $1 a liter for petrol, slightly less for diesel.

Fuel for motorcycles is available from drums or Beerlao bottles in villages across the country, although prices are almost always higher than at service stations.

Diesel is available in most towns. It is best to fuel up in bigger towns at big-brand service stations because the quality of fuel can be poor in remote areas.

Spare parts for four-wheeled vehicles are expensive and difficult to find, even in Vientiane.


Chinese and Japanese made 110cc step-through motorbikes can be hired for approximately US $5 to 12 per day in most large centers and some smaller towns, although the state of the bikes can vary greatly. 

Try to get a Japanese bike if travelling any distance out of town. In Vientiane, Luang Prabang, Vang Vieng, Tha Khaek and Pakse, 250cc dirt bikes are available from around US $25 to 50 per day. Do not forget to bring you passport as a collateral when renting such pricey motorbikes.

In general, you can ride a motorbike in Laos without a license, a helmet or any safety gear whatsoever, but for all this freedom you must take all the responsibility. If you have a crash, there will not be an ambulance to pick you up, and when you get to the hospital, facilities will be very basic. 

It is possible to hire a self-drive vehicle, but when you consider that a driver usually costs little more, takes responsibility for damage and knows where he is going, it looks risky. Costs run from US $40 to 100 per day, depending on the route.

Vientiane-based Avis-Budget is a reliable option for car hire. When it comes to motorbikes, try Drivenbyadventure or Fuark Motorcycle Hire in Vientiane.

Car-hire companies will provide insurance but be sure to check exactly what is covered. Note that most travel insurance policies do not cover use of motorcycles. 

Road conditions

While the overall condition of roads is poor, work over the last decade has left most of the main roads in reasonable shape.

Elsewhere, unsurfaced roads are the rule. Laos has about 23,000km of classified roads and less than a quarter are sealed.

Unsurfaced roads are particularly tricky in the wet season when many routes are impassable to all but 4WD vehicles and motorbikes, while in the dry season the clouds of dust kicked up by passing traffic makes travel highly uncomfortable. Bring a face mask if you are riding a motorbike.

Wet or dry, Laos is so mountainous that relatively short road trips can take forever.

Road hazards

Try to avoid driving at dusk and after dark: cows, buffaloes, chickens and dogs, not to mention thousands of people, head for home on the unlit roads, turning them into a dangerous obstacle course.

Road rules

The single most important rule to driving in Laos is to expect the unexpected.

Driving is on the right side, but it’s not unusual to see Lao drivers go the wrong way down the left lane before crossing over to the right, a potentially dangerous situation if you’re not ready for it.

At intersections it is normal to turn right without looking left.

Hitching in Laos

Public transport being so inexpensive, you should only have to resort to hitching in the most remote areas, in which case you’ll probably get a lift to the nearest bus or songthaew stop quite quickly. On routes served by buses and trains, hitching is not standard practice, but in other places locals do rely on regular passers-by (such as national park officials), and you can make use of this “service” too.

As with hitching anywhere in the world, think twice about hitching solo or at night, especially if you’re female. Like bus drivers, truck drivers are notorious users of amphetamines, so you may want to wait for a safer offer.

Online Planning

The website and have a very useful, and generally accurate, Plan Your Trip function that allows you to compare train, plane and bus travel (including costs and schedules) between cities in Laos.

Frequently asked questions

Q. Is Laos safe for tourist?

Yes, Laos is a safe place to visit, and many find it much safer than their hometowns in the west. There are occasional reports of petty theft, and the occasional bag snatching, but these can be avoided by being cautious with your belongings

Q. Is there UBER in Laos?

Uber/Grab etc aren't available in Laos but LocaLaos is providing similar services in Vientiane only. 

Q. When is the cheapest time to fly to Laos?

Logically, the cheapest time to fly to Laos is during the off-season from May until September. As there are not many tourists visiting the country, the airlines and hotels seem to offer promotion to attract more tourist and try to fill-up the plane. If you are ok with the heat and some sudden rain, this is the time for you.

According to, the cheapest flights to Laos are usually found when departing on a Monday. The departure day with the highest cost is usually on a Friday.

Moreover, Laos flights can be made cheaper if you choose a flight at noon. Booking a flight in the morning will likely mean higher prices.

Simply follow this, sometimes you can have the promotion of 40-50% discount.

Q. Is it easy to drive in Laos?

Driving in Laos is easier than it looks. Sure, the road infrastructure is pretty basic, but outside of the large centres there are so few vehicles that it's a doddle compared to Vietnam, China or Thailand.

Check more about road condition, road rules, and road hazard HERE (above within this article)


We believe you have the right to arm yourselves with as much information as possible before making any decision.

Check below our detailed tips & guide for every places to visit in Laos, recommendation regarding the inclusion in each theme you prefer, and what you can do based on the time frame you have.

Luang Prabang
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The ancient capital of Lane Xang Kingdom

Vang Vieng
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The ancient capital of Lane Xang Kingdom

4000 Islands
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Nong Khiaw
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The combination of fun and educational activities

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Explore every corners of the destination on two wheels

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Check out all the must-see places and things to do & see

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Unique experience combined with top-notch services

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Easy excursions combined with unique experience making the long-lasting romantic memories

Trek & Hike
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Explore the least visited destinations and unknown experience on foot

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The combination of some must-see experience and the cruise tour along the mighty rivers

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Reveal off-the-beatentrack routes, least explored destinations, and unknown tribe groups

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The Rocket Festival (Boun Bang Fai) is a merit-making ceremony traditionally practiced by ethnic Lao people near the beginning of the wet season in numerous villages and municipalities, in the regions of Northeastern Thailand and Laos. Celebrations typically include preliminary music and dance performances, competitive processions of floats, dancers and musicians on the second day, and culminating on the third day in competitive firings of home-made rockets. Local participants and sponsors use the occasion to enhance their social prestige, as is customary in traditional Buddhist folk festivals throughout Southeast Asia.

The festival in Thailand also includes special programs and specific local patterns like Bung Fai (Parade dance) and a Beautiful Bung Fai float such as Yasothon the third weekend of May, and continues Suwannaphum District, Roi Et on the first weekend of June, Phanom Phrai District Roi Et during the full moon of the seventh month in Lunar year's calendar each year. The Bung Fai festival is not only found in Isan or Northeasthern Thailand and North Thailand and Laos, but also in Amphoe Sukhirin, Narathiwat.


A report from Andy Jarosz from BBC Travel about his day trekking to the remote 100 waterfalls in Nong Khiaw 10 years ago (in 2012). The experience that you cannot miss when visiting the area. Check out the details as below so that you have some ideas of what to expect.

In the last four years, the rural village of Nong Khiaw has seen a steady stream of adventure travellers who want to experience the 10km trek before it disappears.

Strictly speaking, the name of the 100 Waterfalls Trek in northern Laos is misleading, since it is impossible to say how many waterfalls tumble through the thick jungle along the steady 10km ascent, with each one tumbling immediately into the next.


Laos has announced a full reopening to tourism today that allows vaccinated arrivals to enter the country without any testing requirements.

Government Spokesperson and Minister to the Prime Minister’s Office, Madame Thippakone Chanthavongsa, spoke during an announcement broadcast live across social media.

She said that as the number of Covid-19 cases had significantly decreased, and in order to ensure economic recovery, the National Taskforce for Covid-19 Prevention and Control and the government of Laos had coordinated with a number of sectors to determine new entry measures in line with the global situation.

After canvassing public opinion and consulting with experts, the Taskforce has set out the following measures for entry to Laos, effective from 9 May onward:

All international checkpoints will be open for entry and exit by Lao citizens, foreign residents, tourists, and other types of visitors.

Citizens of countries that have bilateral or unilateral visa waiver agreements with Laos may now enter Laos without the need for a visa.

Citizens of countries that do not have a visa waiver agreement with Laos may now apply for a visa at a Lao embassy or consulate abroad or via the e-Visa online system. Visa on arrivals will also be reinstated at certain international checkpoints.

Fully vaccinated foreigners or Lao citizens carrying a vaccination certificate may enter Laos without any screening or testing for Covid-19 when arriving by land, air, or water.

Non-vaccinated citizens of Laos, foreign citizens, or residents aged 12 years and over must take a Rapid Antigen Test (ATK) at least 48 hours prior to departure and present the results upon arrival.

Foreign arrivals in Laos that become infected with Covid-19 must bear responsibility for any and all medical costs involved in treatment.

Private vehicles may now enter and exit the territory of Laos via checkpoints as prior to the pandemic. Guidelines regarding this measure will be drafted and publicized by the Ministry of Public Works and Transport.

Madame Thippakone said that ministries and tourism departments, as well as tourism businesses, must now be fully prepared to welcome foreign tourists.

At the same time, she announced the reopening of entertainment venues and karaoke bars, however, such venues must ensure they fully comply with Covid-19 prevention measures.


Laos is preparing to commence a new phase of reopening to tourism that will require Covid-19 tests prior to departure and on arrival.

Dr. Sisavath Soutthanilaxay said during an announcement by the National Taskforce for Covid-19 Prevention and Control yesterday that the country is now actively preparing for a full reopening.

Under new entry regulations, which will be officially announced at a future press conference, arrivals in Laos will be required to undergo two Covid-19 tests.

According to Dr. Sisavath, tourists will be required to take an RT-PCR test 72 hours before departure, as well as an RDT (Rapid Diagnostic Test) on arrival.

“The wait time for results will depend upon the number of travelers arriving,” said Dr. Sisavath.

Those who have been infected with Covid-19 and recovered will not need to take an RT-PCR test, however, an official medical certificate will be required.

Arrivals with a negative RDT test result may enter the country freely, while those who test positive will need to quarantine at a designated quarantine hotel.

Those with serious symptoms will be hospitalized.

The news comes after Prime Minister Phankham Viphavanh agreed to a full reopening of the country to tourism on Tuesday.

The PM said that he agreed “in principle” to the reopening and that relevant sectors should “draw upon lessons from neighboring countries” when drafting new regulations.


The Ministry of Information, Culture, and Tourism has sent a proposal for a full reopening of the country to the Prime Minister of Laos for consideration.

Check more detail below.


The government of Laos has officially set 13 April 2022 the first public holiday date of Lao New Year (Pi Mai).

A notice issued by Prime Minister’s Office confirms the holiday date and prohibits government offices and departments from holding Lao New Year parties in a bid to promote austerity and set an example for the wider population.

The notice states that the National Taskforce Committee for Covid-19 Prevention and Control and relevant provincial taskforces should issue coronavirus prevention measures related to celebrations in each locality. 

While the country’s biggest festival was canceled in 2020, scaled-back Lao New Year celebrations were held in 2021, allowing residents to participate in the celebration with their families, at their workplaces, and at temples in accordance with Lao traditions.

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